TIATAS Policy Recommendations

The TIATAS Policy Recommendations were developed by our consultant Dr. Francesca Cimino based on the experiences that the partner organisations have shared. The main issues addressed in the document are: Trafficking in human beings in the European Union in the context of asylum, the Anti-Trafficking Directive and its implementation, referral mechanisms and policy recommendations to EU Member States and the European Commission.


These Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) set out the minimum requirements for the transfer of case management, victim consent, data protection, and capacity of the receiving partner (psychosocial, case/social worker, legal) of transnational referrals of Victims of Trafficking (VoTs). They outline the required steps, responsibilities, documentation, and information necessary to successfully conclude the transfer of case management without diminishing rights and opportunities. These SOPs are set to be shared with other organizations and counseling centers supporting VoTs.

English version

Greek version

Italian version

Spanish version

German version

Memorandum of Understanding

In addition to the Standard Operating Procedures, TIATAS has developed a template for Memorandums of Understanding for Organizations and Service Providers willing to engage in safe and trauma-informed referrals as outlined in the Standard Operating Procedures. The template lies out the roles and responsibilities of partners providing referrals, and partners receiving them.

Detection of Red Flags of Trafficking

Guidelines for practitioners to support implementation of national referral mechanism in Greece (in Greek)

The guidelines, developed by ARSIS, provide a framework for supporting victims and their direct reporting to the national reporting mechanism in Greece. They include indicators of trafficking, forms of exploitation, protection processes and procedures and other information relevant for Asylum Services and authorities, front-line staff of NGOs providing support in the asylum system in Athens and Southern Greece. The guidelines are developed in Greek to best respond to the needs of service providers in Greece.

Guidelines for conducting VoT needs and risk assessments (in Spanish)

TIATAS created guidelines for conducting needs and risks assessments. The Spanish TIATAS partners Proyecto Esperanza and SICAR.cat have developed guidelines in Spanish. These include information to help specialized workers to refer the potential VoT to the appropriate system in Spain (trafficking, asylum or child protection). The guidelines support the application of proper SOPs for cases of potential VoT upon identification (national referral mechanism) with information on referral pathways, relevant national authorities and processes. They build on existing resources and tools to assess individual needs and risks of VoTs in the Autonomous Regions of Madrid and Catalonia, complemented with information gathered through key stakeholder meetings held in the two regions (4 meetings each). The guidelines offer a harmonized approach and procedures across the regions to ensure compatibility and coherence in the way cases are managed.

Case study: handling VOTs cases that have required transnational cooperation in Catalonia and Madrid Autonomous regions

Documentation of specific cases of VoTs encountered by partners in Spain and that have required transnational cooperation. Relate processes of referral of VoTs to service providers in another MS, good practices and challenges related to differences in protection pathways and asylum procedures across borders by SICAR.cat and Proyecto Esperanza.

English version

Spanish version

Guidelines for sea rescue workers on identification, protection and referral of victims of trafficking

Be Free produced Guidelines for sea rescuers. Since most rescuers are volunteers and don’t belong to the permanent staff of the sea rescue NGO Open Arms Italy, the Guidelines were designed to be short and easy to understand, focusing on clear and concise information to identify potential victims of trafficking. With the information gathered for the guidelines, a poster in form of cartoons and images was developed, to be visible inside the ship.

English version

Italian version

Guidelines for safe referrals of human trafficking victims to trauma informed services

The Guideline for safe referrals was developed by STOP to complement the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) produced within TIATAS project and the Risk and Needs Assessment tool. Further on, the Guideline highlights the importance of using Memorandums of Understanding between sending and receiving service providers (particularly in the cases of transnational referrals) in order to ensure that quality standards and operation procedures are transposed unanimously.

Individual Risks and Needs Assessment Tool

The Individual Risks and Needs Assessment Tool was developed by STOP to support the design of specifically tailored and victim-centered support services for victims of human trafficking to ensure safe, dignified and trauma-informed transnational referrals. The process of developing the tool was based on extensive grass root level expertise. It was tested and adapted to feedback from victims of trafficking and experts working in victim support and law enforcement.

Teaching unit to improve identification (including self-identification) of trafficking cases, of situations falling within the international protection scope, and of people belonging to especially vulnerable groups (in Spanish)

The teaching unit was developed by Mónica Gijón and the creation process was led by SICAR.cat. To ensure effective use in the relevant centres and institutions, the process of developing the teaching unit was based on a participatory and co-design methodology, the core elements of which were four different focus groups with professionals and survivors in Madrid and Barcelona.

Transnational Electronic Service Directory

The Transnational Electronic Service Directory complements the SOPs. The Service Directory contains information on more than 1300 services providers in 26 European countries. The Service Directory includes e-mail, telephone, physical address, contact person, the service provider’s focus of work and additional information on specific services.

TIATAS Toolbox & Resource Catalogue

The TIATAS Toolbox & Resource Catalogue is a compilation of all developed guidelines and tools of the TIATAS project. In addition, it includes slide decks from all partner organizations summarizing the learnings (challenges and best practices) of each specialized anti-trafficking organization in their context in Germany, Greece, Italy and Spain. Lastly, it provides a link list to further valuable resources and reports in relation to to the anti-trafficking system in Europe.

Training Presentations for Capacity Development

The TIATAS training presentations include six presentations that each project partner developed for different capacity development events in the specific country and local context in German, Greek, Italian and Spanish.

TIATAS Training Material